Health in the Midst of Adversity: Cardiovascular Risk and Resilience in the Black Community
The incidence, prevalence, morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have continued to decrease in recent years, but disparities in CVD risk, prevalence and outcomes still exist in Black communities. Contributing factors to these disparities include ethnic and racial inequalities, social determinants of health (SDOH; e.g., socioeconomic status, education levels and access to care) and negative psychological factors including discrimination, stress and mental health issues. However, resilience—the ability to adapt to adversity and challenges, maintain stamina and strength and recover quickly and efficiently—can positively influence CVD risks and outcomes. Additionally, the study of the influence of “place” on CVD risk and resilience—i.e., the determination of what differentiates an at-risk neighborhood from a resilient neighborhood—has provided insight into factors affecting CVD trends among Black populations. This activity will provide learners with current data surrounding multiple factors that predispose Black patients to either increased risk or resilience for CVD and will examine the risk- and resilience-associated diversity within this population with the goal of improving cardiovascular health for these individuals.
This activity is jointly provided by OptumHealth Education and OptumLabs.
No commercial support was received for this activity.
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This activity is designed to meet the educational needs of case managers, counselors, educators, nurses, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, PAs, physicians, psychologists, social workers, therapists and other health care providers (HCPs) who have an interest in cardiovascular risks and resilience in the Black community.
At the end of this educational activity, participants should be able to:
- Identify environmental, biological and individual factors that predispose Black individuals to either increased risk or resilience to CVD
- Examine the socioeconomic factors, SDOH and characteristics of neighborhoods that are associated with an increased risk for CVD
- Discuss diversity within the Black population and review recent studies that provide insight into new approaches for improving cardiovascular health among this population
- Describe public health interventions that may improve cardiovascular health and CVD outcomes in at-risk Black communities
Herman Alfred Taylor, Jr., MD, MPH, FAHA
Professor of Medicine
Director, Cardiovascular Research Institute
Morehouse School of Medicine
About the presenter
Dr. Taylor, an epidemiologist and cardiologist with an interest and expertise in CVD disparities, is the current Endowed Chair and Director of the Cardiovascular Institute of the Morehouse School of Medicine. He is a graduate of Princeton University and Harvard Medical School and has been involved in the clinical practice of primary care, internal medicine and invasive and preventive cardiology over the span of his career. Additionally, he has developed a substantial research career, beginning with his early contributions to the literature on coronary disease treatment disparities. He showed under-utilization of invasive procedures, delays in treatment and a higher frequency of misattribution of angina symptoms to non-cardiac etiologies among minority patients, which are all factors that contribute to worse outcomes.
Between 1998 and 2014, he was the inaugural director of the Jackson Heart Study. In establishing the Jackson Heart Study, Dr. Taylor guided the development of remarkable collaborations among disparate scientists and institutions, the black community of Jackson, Mississippi, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) thereby generating information on an understudied population, transforming it into one of the world’s most significant repositories of information on CVD in a high-risk population and making it a hub of international scientific collaboration. Additionally, under his leadership, the study leveraged resources to enhance capacity and training opportunities for minority students, many of whom have entered the biomedical research and clinical medicine workforce with advanced understanding of key issues in health equity.
Dr. Taylor's innovative work on resilience explores cardiovascular health in the face of adverse social and biological conditions, an understudied aspect of minority health. He has attracted funding from the National Science Foundation and the American Heart Association. Dr. Taylor was recently elected to the National Academy of Medicine.
Sarah Chart, RN
Elizabeth Albert, MD
Clinical Activity Manager
Disclosures of relevant financial relationships
In accordance with the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education's (ACCME) Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Education, OptumHealth Education (OHE) requires all those in control of educational content to disclose their financial relationships with ineligible companies within the prior 24 months. Ineligible companies are defined by the ACCME as companies whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing health care products used by or on patients. Individuals must disclose all financial relationships, regardless of the amount, with ineligible companies and regardless of their view of the relevance of the relationship to the education. OHE ensures that the content is independent of commercial bias.
Dr. Taylor and the planners of this activity have no financial relationships to disclose.
Method for calculating CE credit
CE credit was calculated by the complexity of content.
In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by OptumHealth Education and OptumLabs. OptumHealth Education is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the health care team.
Credit designation statements
This activity was planned by and for the health care team, and learners will receive 1.00 Interprofessional Continuing Education (IPCE) credits for learning and change.
The participant will be awarded up to 1.00 contact hour(s) of credit for attendance and completion of supplemental materials.
The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Program (AANPCP) accepts credit from organizations accredited by the ACCME and ANCC.
This activity is approved for 1.00 contact hour ([0.10] CEU) in states that recognize ACPE.
Attending the full program will earn 1.00 contact hour.
Unique Activity Number(s): JA0007123-9999-21-167-H04-P/T
OptumHealth Education designates this enduring activity for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
The American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA) accepts credit from organizations accredited by the ACCME.
OptumHealth Education is approved by the American Psychological Association (APA) to offer continuing education for psychologists. OptumHealth Education maintains responsibility for this program. 1.00 CE hour.
As a Jointly Accredited Organization, OptumHealth Education is approved to offer social work continuing education by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Approved Continuing Education (ACE) program. Organizations, not individual courses, are approved under this program. State and provincial regulatory boards have the final authority to determine whether an individual course may be accepted for continuing education credit. OptumHealth Education maintains responsibility for this course. Social workers completing this course receive 1.00 enduring continuing education credits.
A certificate of attendance will be provided to learners upon completion of activity requirements, enabling participants to register with licensing boards or associations that have not been preapproved for credits. To apply for credit types not listed above, participants should use the procedure established by the specific organization from which they wish to obtain credit.
- 1.00 ACPE - Pharmacists
- 1.00 ACPE - Pharmacy Technicians
- 1.00 AMA - Physicians
- 1.00 ANCC - Nurses
- 1.00 APA - Psychologists
- 1.00 Attendance - General Attendance
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