Review of Risk Factors in the Identification of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

Activity description

Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in individuals aged 60 years and older, and some types, such as primary open angle glaucoma, have no warning signs; thus, early detection and treatment to protect against vision loss is crucial. This activity will examine risk factors for glaucoma that will assist health care professionals (HCPs) in the early identification of this condition in general primary eye care practice. Individual risk factors will be discussed, and pertinent literature will be reviewed to provide insight into how certain factors in combination, such as Krukenberg spindles, homogeneous trabecular meshwork pigmentation and iris transillumination defects can indicate an increased risk and alert HCPs to the presence of this disorder. A new tool will be introduced to help recommend when specific glaucoma testing is indicated. 

Provided by
This activity is provided by Optum Health Education and UnitedHealthcare Vision.

Commercial support
No commercial support was received for this activity.

Required hardware/software
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Target Audience

This activity is designed to meet the educational needs of optometrists who have an interest in primary open angle glaucoma.

Learning Objectives

At the end of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Provide an overview of primary open angle glaucoma, including its prevalence, risk factors and guidelines for management.
  • Describe the weight and impact of specific risk factors, alone and in combination, on next steps in management and treatment.
  • Discuss how a risk profile for primary open angle glaucoma is built and define its significance in guiding treatment.
  • Identify the value of risk tool utilization in the evaluation and management of this condition. 

Additional Information

Activity summary
Available credit: 
  • 1.00 Attendance - General Attendance
  • 1.00 COPE - Optometrists
Activity opens: 
Activity expires: 


Dr Scott Edmonds wearing a grey button down shirt with a black red and white tieScott Edmonds, OD, FAAO
Chief Eyecare Officer
Minneapolis, MN

Emeritus Co-Director of the Low Vision, Contact Lens and Brain Injury Rehabilitation Service
Wills Eye Hospital
Philadelphia, PA

About the presenter
Dr. Scott Edmonds is the chief eyecare officer at UnitedHealthcare. He is the emeritus co-director of the Low Vision, Contact Lens and Brain Injury Rehabilitation Service at Wills Eye Hospital, where he served in this role for 40 years and continues in a teaching capacity. He is a senior partner at Edmonds Eye Associates. He is a clinical professor at Western University of Health Sciences–College of Optometry, a member of the adjunct faculty of the Pennsylvania College of Optometry at Salus University and a member of the allied medical staff at Lankenau Hospital. He has written and lectured extensively on clinical and public health topics. He is the author of a blog series on health care reform for Healio’s Primary Care Optometry News. A 1976 graduate of Indiana University of Pennsylvania and a 1980 graduate of the Pennsylvania College of Optometry, Dr. Edmonds is a past president of the Philadelphia Optometric Society and the Chester Delaware Optometric Society as well as the 1988 president of the Pennsylvania Optometric Association. On the national level, he has served as the chairman of a number of committees for the American Optometric Association and has completed two terms on the American Council on Optometric Education.
Dr. Edmonds was honored by the Pennsylvania College of Optometry as the Preceptor of the Year in 1983. He was honored as the Optometrist of the Year in 1985 by the Philadelphia Optometric Society and again in 2008 by the Chester-Delaware Optometric Society. He was honored as the Pennsylvania Optometric Association Optometrist of the Year in 2008. He was a 2015 APEX award winner for publication excellence in the category of social media-blog Content and the 2016 winner of the Dr. Jerry P. Davidoff Memorial Award for leadership service.

Activity planner
Elizabeth Albert, MD
Clinical Activity Manager
Optum Health Education

Disclosures of relevant financial relationships
In accordance with the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education's (ACCME) Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Education, Optum Health Education (OHE) requires all those in control of educational content to disclose their financial relationships with ineligible companies within the prior 24 months. Ineligible companies are defined by the ACCME as companies whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing health care products used by or on patients. Individuals must disclose all financial relationships, regardless of the amount, with ineligible companies and regardless of their view of the relevance of the relationship to the education. OHE ensures that the content is independent of commercial bias.

The activity faculty and planners have no financial relationships to disclose.


Method for calculating CE credit
CE credit was calculated by the complexity of content.

Accreditation statement
Joint Provider LogoIn support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by Optum Health Education and UnitedHealthcare Vision. Optum Health Education is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the health care team.

Credit designation statements

Optum Health Education designates this enduring activity for a maximum of 1.0 COPE credit hours. Optometrists should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

A certificate of attendance will be provided to learners upon completion of activity requirements, enabling participants to register with licensing boards or associations that have not been preapproved for credits. To apply for credit types not listed above, participants should use the procedure established by the specific organization from which they wish to obtain credit.

Available Credit

  • 1.00 Attendance - General Attendance
  • 1.00 COPE - Optometrists
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