Treatment Options for Ocular Anterior Surface Disease

Activity description

Dry eye syndrome affects nearly 16 million Americans and can be a common and chronic problem for adults, especially for those of advanced age, causing symptoms that interfere with eye comfort, function and quality of life. Competent evaluation to determine the etiology of dry eye syndrome is necessary for successful symptom management as therapeutic regimens must be specific to the underlying causes to be effective. This activity will examine the multiple parts of eye anatomy, the dysfunction of which may contribute to dry eye syndrome, including the tear film, ocular anterior surface and Meibomian gland, and identify complications that can result when dry eye is left untreated. Importantly, a thorough review of optimal treatment regimens will be provided, as well as updates on newer and emerging targeted treatments, with a focus on providing relief and preventing further damage to the eye.

Provided by
This activity is provided by Optum Health Education and UnitedHealthcare Vision.

Commercial support
No commercial support was received for this activity.

Required hardware/software
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Target Audience

This activity is designed to meet the educational needs of optometrists who have an interest in dry eye syndrome.

Learning Objectives

At the end of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Describe the multiple factors that can contribute to the development of dry eye syndrome. 
  • Identify optimal approaches to determining the cause(s) of dry eye.
  • Discuss the management of dry eye syndrome and review new and existing treatments and their indications, benefits and drawbacks. 
  • Review recommendations that can help reduce the development of dry eye.

Additional Information

Activity summary
Available credit: 
  • 1.00 Attendance - General Attendance
  • 1.00 COPE - Optometrists
Activity opens: 
Activity expires: 


Dr Scott Edmonds wearing a grey button down shirt with a black red and white tieScott Edmonds, OD, FAAO
Chief Eyecare Officer
Minneapolis, MN

Emeritus Co-Director of the Low Vision, Contact Lens and Brain Injury Rehabilitation Service
Wills Eye Hospital
Philadelphia, PA

About the presenter
Dr. Scott Edmonds is the chief eyecare officer at UnitedHealthcare. He is the emeritus co-director of the Low Vision, Contact Lens and Brain Injury Rehabilitation Service at Wills Eye Hospital, where he served for 40 years and continues in a teaching capacity. He is a senior partner at Edmonds Eye Associates. He is a clinical professor at Western University of Health Sciences–College of Optometry, a member of the adjunct faculty of the Pennsylvania College of Optometry at Salus University and a member of the allied medical staff at Lankenau Hospital. He has written and lectured extensively on clinical and public health topics. He is the author of a blog series on health care reform for Healio’s Primary Care Optometry News. 

A 1976 graduate of Indiana University of Pennsylvania and a 1980 graduate of the Pennsylvania College of Optometry, Dr. Edmonds is a past president of the Philadelphia Optometric Society and the Chester Delaware Optometric Society as well as the 1988 president of the Pennsylvania Optometric Association. On the national level, he has served as the chairman of a number of committees for the American Optometric Association and has completed two terms on the American Council on Optometric Education.
Dr. Edmonds was honored by the Pennsylvania College of Optometry as the Preceptor of the Year in 1983. He was honored as the Optometrist of the Year in 1985 by the Philadelphia Optometric Society and again in 2008 by the Chester-Delaware Optometric Society. He was honored as the Pennsylvania Optometric Association Optometrist of the Year in 2008. He was a 2015 APEX award winner for publication excellence in the category of social media-blog Content and the 2016 winner of the Dr. Jerry P. Davidoff Memorial Award for leadership service.

Activity planner
Elizabeth Albert, MD
Clinical Activity Manager
Optum Health Education

Disclosures of relevant financial relationships
In accordance with the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education's (ACCME) Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Education, Optum Health Education (OHE) requires all those in control of educational content to disclose their financial relationships with ineligible companies within the prior 24 months. Ineligible companies are defined by the ACCME as companies whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing health care products used by or on patients. Individuals must disclose all financial relationships, regardless of the amount, with ineligible companies and regardless of their view of the relevance of the relationship to the education. OHE ensures that the content is independent of commercial bias.

The activity faculty and planners have no financial relationships to disclose.


Method for calculating CE credit
CE credit was calculated by the complexity of content.

Accreditation statement
Joint Provider LogoIn support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by Optum Health Education and UnitedHealthcare Vision. Optum Health Education is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the health care team.

Credit designation statements

Optum Health Education designates this enduring activity for a maximum of 1.0 COPE credit hours. Optometrists should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

A certificate of attendance will be provided to learners upon completion of activity requirements, enabling participants to register with licensing boards or associations that have not been preapproved for credits. To apply for credit types not listed above, participants should use the procedure established by the specific organization from which they wish to obtain credit.

Available Credit

  • 1.00 Attendance - General Attendance
  • 1.00 COPE - Optometrists
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